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Social Innovation

Future of e-Mobility: Accelerating Adoption of Electric Vehicles in India

smart mobility technology innovative mobility solutions

The Electric Vehicle (EV) revolution has begun, with countries around the world making a transition to e-mobility in a bid to cut carbon emissions, improve the quality of air, and public health. India, a nation determined to lead the world in the fight against climate change, is no exception to this metamorphosis.

India presently grapples with a host of environmental issues such as deteriorating air quality in cities. The transport sector contributes an estimated 142 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions every year1, out of which the road transport segment alone contributes nearly 123 million tonnes. The Government of India envisions to replace 30 percent of its automobile fleet with electric vehicles by 20302 for powering its vision of building a sustainable transportation system and lowering carbon emissions, a vision that Hitachi too aspires to achieve in the future.

However, achieving India’s vision of green mobility warrants a synergy between all the stakeholders – automotive manufacturers, academia, and policymakers. Hitachi, a leading automotive solutions provider, is effectively harnessing its technological prowess, strong research and development capabilities to bolster EV adoption in India. By bringing social innovation in the mobility sector, Hitachi aims to create an impactful sustainable framework for e-mobility in India and accelerate India’s journey towards achieving a carbon-neutral environment.

Boosting EV Adoption in India

Government Initiatives
  • National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020
  • Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-II)
  • FAME-II Amendment 2021: Cap on electric two-wheeler incentives up to 40% of vehicle cost
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Boosting EV Adoption in India

Environmental Benefits

    Lifetime cumulative savings under FAME-II scheme:

  • Oil Savings: 5.4 million tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe)3
  • Net Energy Savings: 170 Petajoules3
  • Carbon Savings: 7.4 million tons3
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Charging India’s EV Ambition

India’s EV industry is making a slow but steady progress. Inadequate charging infrastructure, higher prices of EVs as compared to petrol and diesel vehicles and technological constraints have hindered the industry's growth. However, in the last few years, positive developments such as sharp decline in battery prices, an uptick in the number of charging points, and Government incentives are marking a turning point for India's EV industry.

There is a growing need for new and innovative technology solutions to ensure the mass electrification of transport and deployment of charging infrastructure.

Contributing to the creation of a robust e-mobility ecosystem in India, Hitachi ABB Power Grids has developed its ground-breaking grid-to-plug EV charging system: Grid-eMotionTM Fleet. Integrating the grid connection and charging systems together, the smart mobility solution enables operators managing public transport and commercial EV fleets to effectively scale up their operations. The solution marks a game-changing shift from a charger-product based approach to a charging-system based approach, accelerating the future of smart mobility.

The pioneering technology effectively addresses the challenge of providing charging infrastructure for large scale EV fleets in confined space. By concentrating most of the charging equipment at a central location, the solution reduces space requirement by up to 60% in depot. Further, by harnessing clean, renewable energy through grid integration and optimizing energy consumption from the grid by leveraging an integrated digital ecosystem, Hitachi's small footprint charging solution is significantly contributing to tackling growing air pollution in cities and building a healthier environment.

Hitachi’s Grid-eMotionTM Fleet

Features:
  • Innovative grid to plug charging system
  • Based on DC (Direct Current) system technology
  • Connects all charging points seamlessly to the grid
  • Harnesses renewable energy through grid integration, smart mobility, digital energy management system
  • Incorporates insights from data analytics
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Hitachi’s Grid-eMotionTM Fleet

Benefits:
  • Offers scalability to operators
  • 60% space reduction compared to a conventional AC connection
  • Requires 40% less cabling
  • Can connect to any type of power network
  • Contributes to sustainability & cleaner air
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Partnering for Good Through Grid eMotionTM Flash

The electrification of public transport in India through adoption of e-buses is catalysing India's ambition of fully electric fleet. The Government has already given a firm push to adopt e-buses by bringing an amendment to FAME-II (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India) scheme, under which electric buses will be procured on a large scale for all cities with over 4 million population.

Besides Government backing, the nurturing of an enabling ecosystem for swift transition to EVs will require powerful collaborations between all the stakeholders, public as well as private. Taking a notable step in this direction, Hitachi ABB Power Grids in India has partnered with one of India’s largest bus manufacturers and a leading technical & research university for an e-mobility pilot to support sustainable in-campus commuting.

Through this collaboration, Hitachi ABB Power Grids has provided its innovative flash-charging technology – Grid-eMotionTM Flash, which quickly tops up the battery while passengers get on and off the bus. An e-bus powered by this solution does not require recharging every few hours. This supports in minimizing the size of the fleet while increasing passenger carrying capacity. The technology can save as much as 1,000 tons of carbon dioxide on a line covering 600,000 kilometers per year and offer operating cost savings of 30 percent versus an equivalent diesel-transit system. This brings business value to operators while enabling to contribute to a low-carbon society.

Building a Healthier, Greener Environment

India has committed itself to reducing carbon emissions by 30 to 35 percent by 2030, as per the Paris climate agreement. The EV revolution promises to help India save $60 billion on oil imports by 20304 and rid its cities of toxic emissions that cost India 3% of its GDP5.

Hitachi, through its Social Innovation Business, is committed to enhancing the nation's Social, Environmental, and Economic values. Inspired by our Environmental Vision ‘we will resolve environmental issues and achieve both a higher quality of life and a sustainable society, in collaborative creation with stakeholders’, we are advancing our e-mobility solutions and clean energy solutions at a rapid scale.

By boosting the adoption of EV, Hitachi will continue to contribute to zero emissions transport, cleaner air, and a sustainable society for millions, ensuring they lead a better Quality of Life.

Source:

1. https://beeindia.gov.in/content/e-mobility

2. https://www.timesnownews.com/business-economy/industry/article/will-2021-spark-indias-electric-vehicle-revolution/701432

3. http://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/NITI-RMI-Report.pdf

4. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/electric-vehicles-to-save-60-billion-in-fuel-costs-by-2030-niti-aayog/articleshow/58642799.cms

5. https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/national/air-pollution-costs-indian-businesses-95-b-every-year-report/article34365387.ece